Many women & men raise issues of equal pay for equal work, but a recent analysis of Uber Drivers showed that women earned less because of working less or driving slowly; Uber Payment system did not Discriminate between genders.
Similarly, those who say there is no Discrimination argue that women tend to work in companies with shorter commute probably with less pay, while men tend to work at companies where pay is more even if the commute is more. Also women take break in career. Etc, Etc, Etc.
Some relevant Posts like Do women earn less than men for the same exact work? & Is the gender pay gap evidence of discrimination? & Are women underpaid relative to men? have some supporting views or other opposing views, but a common concern is that all statistical studies compare apples to oranges because It is not easy to statistically account for all variables like age, education, experience, working hours, commute time, team composition, productivity, Etc, Etc, Etc.
Now the highlighted part is : It is not easy to statistically account for all variables
In this scenario, is there any study which compares all-women shops to all-men shops ? It would compare apples to apples.
Hypothetical case : Compare women in Baskin Robbins shop A which is run only by women versus men in Baskin Robbins shop B which is run only by men : If the profits of a shop are normalized, do men earn more ?
Shop A : $100 in profits per day, 6 women earn $10 each, total earnings = $60. Normalized earning ratio = 0.6
Shop B : $150 in profits per day, 5 men earn $15 each, total earnings = $75. Normalized earnings ratio = 0.5
Here men may earn more than women, but that is still less in term of generating profits.
I made up these numbers; Baskin Robbins is an example; It could be Pizza Hut or Used Car Dealers or Computer Service Centers or Banks or Laundromats or similar shops, where all the outlets are part of a big company with central owners.
In cases like this, Is there Discrimination, with women earning less than men ?