I would split Trump's statement into three different statements to analyze it.
You can’t see it.
This is just not true, It cannot be detected with most radars but, as DavePhD points out in his answer, Russian radars can locate them and they can be physically be seen.
You literally can’t see it.
This is ambiguous, depends on the definition of literally. If you use Webster´s definition, which adds "virtually" to the definition, then it would depend on who is trying to detect you because.
- Russians could see you and detect you.
- Non Russians could see you but not otherwise detect you.
Personally I dislike that definition.
It’s hard to fight a plane you can’t see
This is in my opinion the key point of Trump's wrong statement. I believe he confuses the terms "see" and "detect".
To your question "Can it become invisible under certain circumstances?" my answer is:
- If you mean invisible as "not be detected" the answer is: It depends on the opponent, Russians should have no trouble.
- If you mean invisible as "not be seen", which I do believe you do, the answer is: No, it cannot be invisible.