# Can a 7-Hz tone kill chickens via resonance?

In the Sound function section of the Turbo C Version 2.0 Reference Guide 1988, I found the following comment.

Emits a 7-Hz tone for 10 seconds.

True story: 7 Hz is the resonant frequency of a chicken's skull cavity. This was determined empirically in Australia, where a new factory generating 7-Hz tones was located too close to a chicken ranch: When the factory started up, all the chickens died.

Your PC may not be able to emit a 7-Hz tone.

Is this story true?

• How loud? A 7-Hz tone that bangs you against a wall could kill a human. Commented Jan 30, 2018 at 3:31
• Since the comment did not mention any human casualty, I think it is safe to assume that the sound is not that loud. Commented Jan 30, 2018 at 5:38
• @tsukumogami The question brings up a good point though. The frequency is only a part of the situation here, and the amplitude will be a necessary consideration. Below a certain threshold, the resonance wouldn't really work quickly enough.
– JMac
Commented Jan 30, 2018 at 15:28
• So it seems that it breaks down into two questions of fact. First, is the resonant frequency of the chicken skull 7 Hz (or close to it), and second, can that be exploited to kill chickens with 7 Hz tones at intensities that would not be meaningfully threatening at other frequencies. Commented Jan 30, 2018 at 16:47
• Found this: quora.com/Will-a-7Hz-tone-really-kill-chickens - one of the two answers makes a good case for it not being plausible, but I don't think quora is a reliable enough source to base an answer on. It does help show the notoriety of the question, though. Commented Jan 31, 2018 at 22:08

# Probably not.

I don't know about chickens, but I do know the resonance frequencies of a human head. If chicken heads can be exploded, presumably humans are in some sort of risk.

...the first fundamental frequency for the whole head and the confined brain in the head was 22.3 Hz and 13.9 Hz, respectively. The second resonant frequency for the whole head and brain were 23.8 Hz and 14.2 Hz, respectively. The third resonant frequencies for the whole head and brain were 24.0 Hz and 14.3 Hz, respectively. Finally, the first three fundamental modes were in torsion.

A good subwoofer can produce sound in this range. But when the person in the car next to you is dropping beats so fat it vibrates the lamp posts, they don't explode.

However, they can effect you. This excerpt from The Universal Sense: How Hearing Shapes the Mind by Seth S. Horowitz, Ph.D says a good subwoofer can make you see lights.

If you sit in front of a very good-quality subwoofer and play a 19Hz sound (or have access to a sound programmer and get an audible sound to modulate at 19Hz), try taking off your glasses or removing your contacts. Your eyes will twitch. If you turn up the volume so you start approaching 110 dB, you may even start seeing colored lights at the periphery of your vision or ghostly gray regions in the center. This is because 19Hz is the resonant frequency of the human eyeball. The low-frequency pulsations start distorting the eyeball's shape and pushing on the retina, activating the rods and cones by pressure rather than light.

As for killing the person...

You would have to use a 240 dB source to get the head to resonate destructively. At that point it would be faster to just hit the person over the head.

The article explains the problem...

The problem is that while your skull may vibrate maximally at those frequencies, it is surrounded by soft wet muscular and connective tissue and filled with gloppy brains and blood that do not resonate at those frequencies and thus damp out the resonant vibration like a rug placed in front of your stereo speakers.

Chicken heads are also filled with gloppy brains and blood.

• "Chicken heads are also filled with gloppy brains and blood." [citation needed] :P Commented Feb 21, 2023 at 4:16
• Affect, not effect. Too few characters, too little reputation. Commented Mar 17, 2023 at 14:08
• 240 dB doesn't sound like a big number, but this value is insanely high. The Tsar bomb, the largest nuclear bomb ever detonated, is estimated to be "only" 224 dB. I mean, at that point, the nuclear bomb is going to do a lot more damage than explode your head. Commented Mar 28, 2023 at 4:41

No. Resonance occurs when the frequency of the object is equal to the frequency of the sound. Resonance amplifies the sound, because the two vibrations are in sync and so are subject to constructive interference, which builds.

The increasing of amplitude (loudness/Db) is what kills, it is the increase in energy. The resonance simply amplifies the sound.

The sound in question is 7 Hz. Therefore, if the natural frequency of chickens is 7 Hz, then it will be subject to resonance. Keep in mind though that the natural frequency of every object is different.

The natural frequency is the frequency of this oscillation, measured in hertz (Hz). This tells you how many oscillations happen per second, which depends on the properties of the spring and the mass of the ball attached to it.

Each chicken will have different mass.

However, on cambridge https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/animal-science/article/abs/resonant-frequencies-of-broiler-chickens/5C2FD7CB6E0D2E13B19D4C85ECED9D00 which studied the natural frequency of broiler chickens, it says

...vibrating beam technique was used to measure the resonant frequencies of 22 birds which increased in weight from 0·75 to 4·5 kg over 32 days. For a 2-kg bird, the frequencies of 14·6 (s.e. 0·6) Hz when sitting and 3·7 (s.e. 0·8) Hz when standing lie...

This shows that the weight was from 0.75 kg to 4.5 kg, with a 2 kg bird having a frequency of 14.6 +- 0.6 Hz when sitting and 3.7+-0.8 when standing. Therefore, the frequency can even be affected by the position of the chicken.

The energy of sound is also partly dependent on the amplitude or intensity, also known as decibels. Less energy means less lethality; getting hit by an asteroid moving at 10,000 MPH is worse than getting hit by a tennis ball moving at 1,000 MPH because of the energy content (this is simplified, impact mechanics are too lengthy.)

In conclusion, it is possible for a chicken to have a resonance at 7Hz, but it varies so wildly with so many variables that it is unlikely that a frequency of exactly 7Hz would magically resonate with the chicken. The sound (if loud enough) could potentially kill the chicken, but it is not reliable and often times lengthy to calculate.

• The question notes that it’s supposedly the skull cavity of the chickens that has a resonant frequency of 7Hz rather than the whole bird, I would at least imagine less variance in skull size than overall weight. Commented Feb 17, 2023 at 23:37
• I agree with @fyrepenguin, this doesn't really address the question.
– Mark
Commented Feb 18, 2023 at 2:35
• Also, resonance won't work well if the vibrations are highly damped, which a chicken head is, being surrounded by soft tissue. Commented Feb 20, 2023 at 11:08