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According IslamReligion.com, Muhammad made a prophecy about the timing of his daughter's death:

The Prophet informed his daughter, Fatima, that she would be the first member of his family to die after him. There are two prophecies in one: Fatima will outlive her father; Fatima will be the first member of his household to die after him. Both were fulfilled.

Did Muhammad make this prophecy? Did it come true?

  • His cousin, Ali, caused a bit of a rift in the religion, because people felt that he was closely enough related. – RToyo Oct 17 '17 at 15:42
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    This may be more suitable for Islam.SE, as no skepticism is required. – Andrew Grimm Oct 18 '17 at 3:18
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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because this question doesn't require skeptical thinking, just expert knowledge. A claim containing suspected anti-Islam nonsense or suspected propaganda would require skepticism, but this does not appear to be nonsense or propaganda. – Andrew Grimm Oct 18 '17 at 3:21
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    @AndrewGrimm, I'm sorry, but I don't agree. I think anything IslamReligion.com says about Islam could be considered propaganda. Reading this, one can be skeptic that he said it (like any other quote question on this site) and secondly, one can be skeptic that the "prophecy" has been "fulfilled". – Jordy Oct 18 '17 at 7:43
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    I don't think one needs to resort to divine message to predict that Mohammed would predecease his daughter given that he was forty years older than she. – Clint Eastwood Jul 6 '18 at 16:34
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Question 1: Yes

According to Sahih al Bukhari, one of the central collections of orally transmitted words and sayings by Muhammad, he did make this prophecy:

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ قَزَعَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ قَالَتْ دَعَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَاطِمَةَ ابْنَتَهُ فِي شَكْوَاهُ الَّذِي قُبِضَ فِيهِ، فَسَارَّهَا بِشَىْءٍ فَبَكَتْ، ثُمَّ دَعَاهَا، فَسَارَّهَا فَضَحِكَتْ، قَالَتْ فَسَأَلْتُهَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ سَارَّنِي النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّهُ يُقْبَضُ فِي وَجَعِهِ الَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهِ فَبَكَيْتُ، ثُمَّ سَارَّنِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنِّي أَوَّلُ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ أَتْبَعُهُ فَضَحِكْتُ

Narrated `Aisha:

The Prophet (ﷺ) in his fatal illness, called his daughter Fatima and told her a secret because of which she started weeping. Then he called her and told her another secret, and she started laughing. When I asked her about that, she replied, The Prophet (ﷺ) told me that he would die in his fatal illness, and so I wept, but then he secretly told me that from amongst his family, I would be the first to join him, and so I laughed."

Sahih al-Bukhari [61:130]

Question 2: Yes

It is correct that Fatima was the first one to die among Muhammad's household, the Ahl al-Bayt. There is a disagreement on her exact death date, but it is unanimously accepted by historians that she died in 632 CE (the same year in which Muhammad died on 8th of June). The next member of the Ahl al-Bayt to die was Muhammad's wife Maria al-Qibtiyya in 637 CE. Among Fatima's own family, the first one to die was her husband Ali ibn-e-Abi Talib in 661 CE.

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    So if i understand this correctly, the text that you site as reference was written about 200 years after the facts? That leaves plenty of time to adjust prophecy to reality doesn't it? – Scrontch Jul 6 '18 at 14:36
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    Off course it can, but if we don't believe this, then all the history of Islam (and even of Christiantiy) is unauthentic to us. If non-Muslims historians didn't write much about the events then leaves us inevitably with the Muslim historians only and Bukhari's collection is a collection of high standards of Research. – Failed Scientist Jul 6 '18 at 15:12
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    Having said that all, I would love to find the history of both Christianity and Islam from a "3rd person". I am seriously in research of finding some detailed historic journals of Tang Dynasty about Arab-Byzantine wars, etc. – Failed Scientist Jul 6 '18 at 15:18
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    @TalhaIrfan something that isn't a sacred Islamic text is necessary. The writers clearly have a vested interest in Muhammad being right and making predictions that come true. Furthermore, the tone of your answer is off. You should try to make your answer be as neutral in tone as possible. Your answer reads like a Muslim propaganda piece. Even if you had cited proper sources, I still would have downvoted because of the tone of the answer. – DenisS Jul 8 '18 at 20:57
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    @TalhaIrfan "but if we don't believe this, then all the history of Islam (and even of Christiantiy) is unauthentic to us...". So your argument for the claim being true is "It must be true or we will have to concede that our religion is myth and not facts". Well now... does that speak for the truth of the claim or not? – MichaelK Jul 9 '18 at 6:46

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