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According to this BBC article of 2017-02-17

the first liquid to be drunk on the surface of the moon was wine

It cites as source this The Guardian article of 2012-07-13, describing Buzz Aldrin organizing a Christian communion:

Before Armstrong and Aldrin stepped out of the lunar module on July 20, 1969, Aldrin unstowed a small plastic container of wine and some bread. (..) He then ate and drank the elements.

How much of that is factual?

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    I originally titled the question "Did Buzz Aldrin drink wine on his first landing on the moon?" (newly added emphasis). I have (at least, now) no doubt that he poured wine; but did he drink it on the moon? And if not, what about the BBC quote? Edit: I (now) see that the LEM was pressurized, which makes drinking plausible. – fgrieu Feb 22 '17 at 8:34
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    You could ask him yourself! he's pretty active on social media. – GordonM Feb 22 '17 at 11:57
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    It's factual that Aldrin took communion on the moon; I'm skeptical of the claim that wine was the first liquid drunk after the landing. Aldrin's request for a moment of silence came at 105 hours 25 minutes mission elapsed time, more than two hours after the landing at 102:45; it seems likely that they would have wanted at least a sip of water after the rather hectic final approach and touchdown. – Russell Borogove Feb 22 '17 at 16:33
  • @fgrieu if someone changed the question to obscure your intent, I should be allowed to change it back – Stop Harming Monica Feb 23 '17 at 9:49
  • @Russell Borogove: your comment is very interesting; so not it seems clear that everything in the quotes is factual, except "the first" which is without good source, and even not that likely. An answer on that line, citing source for the timing of the communion versus landing, would be nice. – fgrieu Feb 23 '17 at 10:01
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Yes.

There was still a lawsuit pending due to Apollo 8 astronauts reading Genesis 1:1-10 for Christmas Eve 1968.

So the Apollo 11 communion needed to be kept private.

Reverend Dean Woodruff of Webster Presbyterian Church supplied the communion kit (bread, wine and cup).

Aldrin read John 15:5 from a card:

I am the vine, you are the branches; he who remains in me, and I in him, will bear much fruit; for apart from me you can do nothing.

Armstrong watched in respectful silence.

Source: The First Men on the Moon: The Story of Apollo 11 at page 252

The following is Buzz Aldrin's own account, originally published in Guidepost October 1970, and later elsewhere such as in the 24 February 1971 Courier-News:

For several weeks prior to the scheduled lift-off of Apollo 11 back in July, 1969, the pastor of our church, Dean Woodruff, and I had been struggling to find the right symbol for the first lunar landing.

We wanted to express our feeling that what man was doing in this mission transcended electronics and computers and rockets.

Dean often speaks at our church, Webster Presbyterian, just outside of Houston, about the many meanings of the communion service.

"One of the principal symbols," Dean says, "is that God reveals Himself in the common elements of everyday life." Traditionally, these elements are bread and wine–common foods in Bible days and typical products of man’s labor.

One day while I was at Cape Kennedy working with the sophisticated tools of the space effort, it occurred to me that these tools were the typical elements of life today.

I wondered if it might be possible to take communion on the moon, symbolizing the thought that God was revealing Himself there too, as man reached out into the universe. For there are many of us in the NASA program who do trust that what we are doing is part of God’s eternal plan for man.

I spoke with Dean about the idea as soon as I returned home, and he was enthusiastic.

"I could carry the bread in a plastic packet, the way regular inflight food is wrapped. And the wine also–there will be just enough gravity on the moon for liquid to pour. I’ll be able to drink normally from a cup.

"Dean, I wonder if you could look around for a little chalice that I could take with me as coming from the church?"

The next week Dean showed me a graceful silver cup. I hefted it and was pleased to find that it was light enough to take along. Each astronaut is allowed a few personal items on a flight; the wine chalice would be in my personal-preference kit.

Dean made plans for two special communion services at Webster Presbyterian Church. One would be held just prior to my leaving Houston for Cape Kennedy, when I would join the other members in a dedication service.

The second would take place two weeks later, Sunday, July 20, when Neil Armstrong and I were scheduled to be on the surface of the moon.

On that Sunday the church back home would gather for communion, while I joined them as close as possible to the same hour, taking communion inside the lunar module, all of us meaning to represent in this small way not only our local church but the Church as a whole.

Right away questions came up. Was it theologically correct for a layman to serve himself communion under these circumstances? Dean thought so, but to make sure he decided to write the stated clerk of the Presbyterian church’s General Assembly and got back a quick reply that this was permissible.

And how much should we talk about our plans? I am naturally rather reticent, but on the other hand I was becoming increasingly convinced that having religious convictions carried with it the responsibility of witnessing to them.

Finally we decided we would say nothing about the communion service until after the moonshot.

I had a question about which scriptural passage to use. Which reading would best capture what this enterprise meant to us? I thought long about this and came up at last with John 15:5. It seemed to fit perfectly.

I wrote the passage on a slip of paper to be carried aboard Eagle along with the communion elements. Dean would read the same passage at the full congregation service held back home that same day.

...

So the next day, Sunday, shortly after the end of the 11 o’clock service my wife, Joan, and our oldest boy, Mike (the only one of our three children who is as yet a communicant), went to the church. There we met Dean, his wife, Floy, and our close family friend Tom Manison, elder of the church, and his wife.

The seven of us went into the now-empty sanctuary. On the communion table were two loaves of bread, one for now, the other for two weeks from now. Beside the two loaves were two chalices, one of them the small cup the church was giving me for the service on the moon.

We took communion. At the end of the service Dean tore off a corner of the second loaf of bread and handed it to me along with the tiny chalice. Within a few hours I was on my way to Cape Kennedy.

What happened there, of course, the whole world knows. The Saturn 5 rocket gave us a rough ride at first, but the rest of the trip was smooth. On the day of the moon landing, we awoke at 5:30 a.m., Houston time.

Neil and I separated from Mike Collins in the command module. Our powered descent was right on schedule, and perfect except for one unforeseeable difficulty. The automatic guidance system would have taken Eagle to an area with huge boulders. Neil had to steer Eagle to a more suitable terrain.

With only seconds worth of fuel left, we touched down at 3:30 p.m.

Now Neil and I were sitting inside Eagle, while Mike circled in lunar orbit, unseen in the black sky above us. In a little while after our scheduled meal period, Neil would give the signal to step down the ladder onto the powdery surface of the moon. Now was the moment for communion.

So I unstowed the elements in their flight packets. I put them and the scripture reading on the little table in front of the abort guidance-system computer.

Then I called back to Houston.

"Houston, this is Eagle. This is the LM Pilot speaking. I would, like to request a few moments of silence. I would like to invite each person listening in, wherever and whomever he may be, to contemplate for a moment the events of the past few hours and to give thanks in his own individual way."

For me this meant taking communion. In the radio blackout I opened the little plastic packages which contained bread and wine.

I poured the wine into the chalice our church had given me. In the one-sixth gravity of the moon the wine curled slowly and gracefully up the side of the cup. It was interesting to think that the very first liquid ever poured on the moon, and the first food eaten there, were communion elements.

And so, just before I partook of the elements, I read the words which I had chosen to indicate our trust that as man probes into space we are in fact acting in Christ.

I sensed especially strongly my unity with our church back home, and with the Church everywhere.

I read: "I am the vine, you are the branches. Whoever remains in me, and I in him, will bear much fruit; for you can do nothing without me." John 15:5

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    I don't think Buzz Aldrin is an ordained minister so does it really count as a communion? I'm not sure what exactly differentiates holy communion from simply eating some bread and having wine in Presbyterianism but I would think a minister needs to be involved. – JimmyJames Feb 22 '17 at 17:07
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    @JimmyJames Aldrin addresses that as I quote in my answer: "Right away questions came up. Was it theologically correct for a layman to serve himself communion under these circumstances? Dean thought so, but to make sure he decided to write the stated clerk of the Presbyterian church’s General Assembly and got back a quick reply that this was permissible." – DavePhD Feb 22 '17 at 17:11
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    You might want to summarize the text or at least add a tl;dr - that's probably more information than is relevant to the question – Chase Sandmann Feb 22 '17 at 19:49
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    @ChaseSandmann the part up to "Armstrong watched in respectful silence" is meant to be the short version, and Aldrin's account the long version. – DavePhD Feb 22 '17 at 21:24
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    @JimmyJames Protestants have no intermediary between them and God (aka "The Priesthood of All Believers"), and that what's in your heart is more important than the trappings of Religion (aka "salvation by faith, not works"). Thus, when there's no ordained minister around, do it yourself in a "home church of one". – RonJohn Feb 24 '17 at 21:56
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Firstly, the Guardian is a reasonably serious newspaper. Not everyone is going to share its political opinions, and sometimes it will get the facts wrong but it would be surprising if it invented easily verifiable quotes or fabricated the story in its entirety.

It quotes Aldrin's autobiography as saying:

I would like to request a few moments of silence … and to invite each person listening in, wherever and whomever they may be, to pause for a moment and contemplate the events of the past few hours, and to give thanks in his or her own way.

NASA's Post-landing Activities page has

05:25:38 Aldrin: Roger. This is the LM pilot. I'd like to take this opportunity to ask every person listening in, whoever and wherever they may be, to pause for a moment and contemplate the events of the past few hours and to give thanks in his or her own way. Over.

105:26:08 Garriott: Roger, Tranquility Base.

[Long Comm Break]

[As he describes in his book "Return to Earth", Buzz is taking communion.]

So, I think the account is firmly rooted in Buzz Aldrin's own words, and consistent with the historical record. Unless we have good reason to doubt him, I would take it as factual.

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    Here's another NASA reference on Buzz taking communion. – called2voyage Feb 21 '17 at 18:48
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    Asking for a moment of silence and contemplation of their achievement is not remotely the same thing as communion, it's not even religious. How can this be viewed as evidence that he took communion? – J Doe Feb 21 '17 at 23:43
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    @J_Doe The portions in square brackets are NASA's editorializing not mine. I think it somewhat strengthens the claim that it is repeated in a semi-official account. Obviously, it would be better from an evidential point of view, if he had said so directly at the time. – richardb Feb 22 '17 at 0:17

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