There are claims that Jesus was a refugee. For example, Al Sharpton tweeted,
According to the New Testament, was Jesus a refugee?
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Yes, Jesus is a perfect example of a refugee.
The Webster's 1828 dictionary defines refugee as:
One who flies to a shelter or place of safety.
One who, in times of persecution or political commotion, flees to a foreign country for safety; as the French refugees, who left France after the revocation of the edict of Nantz, and settled in Flanders and America; the refugees from Hispaniola, in 1792; and the American refugees, who left their country at the revolution.
Jesus, according to the Bible, meets both these definitions, because he was fleeing to escape the fact that Herod was planning to kill all male babies:
he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under (Matthew 2:16)
Others have recognized Jesus as a refugee:
Religion in Malawi (1987):
So the child Jesus was a refugee in Egypt. The reason for fleeing to Egypt has been pointed out in the quotation and that is, Herod wanted to kill Jesus and therefore Jesus had to find safety elsewhere.
Jesus Was a Refugee
In remembering that its Lord was once a refugee, the early Christian community of Matthew's Gospel was reminded of at least two central truths.
Shortly after his birth Jesus was a refugee child.
The Big Book about Jesus (1995)
Jesus became a refugee. (See Matthew 2:13-15.)
According to the Matthean narrative, due to the decree of Herod, Jesus had to escape his wrath by running away to Egypt. Jesus is rendered a refugee at birth and we know very well the plight of a refugee — helpless and dependent.
Jesus became a refugee, hurriedly taken down into Egypt
Theme: Jesus, a Refugee
The picture "Flight into Egypt" by Rubens; or "Repose in Egypt" by Merson
The Presbyterian Magazine, Volume 7 (1857) :
The infant Jesus became a refugee from the bloody tyranny of men
So for at least 160 years people have recognized that Jesus, as described in the Bible, was a refugee.