Bernie Sanders (standing), then a college student at the University of Chicago, leads his classmates in a sit-in to protest segregated housing for black students. (Danny Lyon/Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library)

Senator Bernie Sanders, a candidate for the Democratic presidential nominee, features the above photos in the campaign ad Progress as evidence of his contributions to civil rights. While no one doubts that Sanders participated in the civil rights movement, many have argued that the person featured in the above photos is Bruce Rappaport instead of Bernie Sanders. In fact, an article from the Washington Post claims:

But that’s not Bernie Sanders in the photo. It is Bruce Rappaport.

Classmates of the two men started raising concerns about the discrepancy last year. According to Time, four University of Chicago alumni told the magazine in November that they believed the man to be Rappaport, also a student activist, who died in 2006. At the time of the story, the photo was still captioned as Bernie Sanders in the University of Chicago’s photo archive. But the picture’s caption has since been changed.

“Alumni who knew them well said that was Bruce Rappaport [pictured],” a University of Chicago official told me Wednesday. The caption was changed in January. “This was just a case of honest misattribution,” the official told me.

The photographer (Danny Lyon) that took the image supported Senator Sanders claim in a different article by the Washington Post:

That’s Bernie Sanders.

Yet the same article also lists the ex-wife (Randy Ross) of Bruce Rappaport as saying:

I’m a hundred percent sure that Danny is wrong.

So who is truly the person featured in the above photos?

  • 4
    You seem to have done your research, and found conflicting testimony from two eye-witnesses who should know the answer, in an article that lays out all (?) of the evidence on each side. Given that, what sort of evidence would it take to convince you either way?
    – Oddthinking
    Feb 14, 2016 at 10:48
  • 4
    @Oddthinking I was thinking that perhaps someone could find physical evidence that the man in the photo is either one of the men at that time (height, facial features, etc.), or some evidence from newspapers/archives at the time that indicate the presence of one of the men in the photo. Feb 14, 2016 at 14:14
  • 4
    I read the title as "Civil War Era"...
    – Ken Y-N
    Feb 15, 2016 at 1:20

1 Answer 1


The man who took the photos, Danny Lyon, has come forward and identified the photos as taken by him and being of Sanders. He was the campus photographer who documented the events for publication, not just some guy who took a few photos. He has the contact sheets - prints made directly from the roll of film he exposed.

So [the contact sheets] are in chronological order, like dominoes that you cannot move, 1 to 36. In other words, Bernie standing talking is number like 7, 8 and 9. Bernie sitting down is number 10. And those three close-ups are 11, 12 and 13. They are on the same roll of film in sequence, shot in that room on that day by me.

This link is not in itself a reliable source, but it cites reliable sources. And quotes the photographer.

The only evidence on the other side is a bunch of people saying "it doesn't look like him". Eyewitnesses are notoriously bad at identifying people in the present, let alone people from forty years ago - even if that person is an ex-husband. The University of Chicago, which initially changed the caption to Rappaport, has now changed it back to Sanders in response to Lyon's evidence.

Even if by some bizarre chance it turns out that the photo is of someone else, it is irrelevant - a fact that is made clear even by the people who believe the photo is of Rappaport. We know from multiple testimonies that Sanders was at the same place, at the same time, doing the same thing (i.e. fighting for civil rights) that the photo depicts.

  • I'll add more substance, links and quotes when I have access to the full site. But feel free to follow links. Feb 14, 2016 at 22:13
  • 10
    It is unfortunately an old political trick to try to make an enemy who has done something good look slightly worse by questioning some tiny detail of the story. Feb 14, 2016 at 22:35
  • 7
    I think the formal term for it is "Swiftboating" nowadays. Feb 15, 2016 at 5:00

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