A popular belief (at least in Russia) holds that Julius Caesar was good at multitasking; he was able to read, write and give orders simultaneously.

This has become a cliche in Russian, so a Russian can say "who does he think I am, Julius Caesar?" when, say, their boss gives them too many jobs to do at once.

Is it backed by any historical evidence?

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    Well, if your first link is to be believed (and I've certainly read the same thing more than once), he was not, because nobody is really "good at multitasking." – Casey Feb 9 '16 at 20:54

Probably, true.

There are several evidences in recognized sources.

Caesar disciplined himself so far as to be able to dictate letters from on horseback, and to give directions to two who took notes at the same time, or as Oppius says, to more.
Plutarch, "Lives" (New York, 1905), IV, p. 274.

We are told that [Caesar] used to write or read, and dictate or listen simultaneously, and to dictate to his secretaries four letters at once, on his important affairs — or, if otherwise unoccupied, seven letters at once.
Pliny, "Natural History" (Cambridge, 1961), II, p. 565.

However, there's also some critics about Caesar's multitasking phenomenon. The basic formulation of the idea can be put this way:

Caesar was required to attend most of the gladiators' fights due to the political value of Caesar's presidency at the popular shows. However, not all of these fights were interesting. So Caesar attended the shows, but at the same time did other things like reading and replying to mail, giving orders, and chatting on social networks. :)
Someone may marvelled that the great leader is capable of doing several things at once.

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    This makes me imagine slaves appearing next to Ceasar's seat and saying "pling, habes epistulam" – Hagen von Eitzen Feb 9 '16 at 20:09
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    @HagenvonEitzen: "Brutus amicus tuus fieri vult. Cognoscisne Brutum vitae verae?" – Quassnoi Feb 9 '16 at 21:32
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    @Quassnoi RIDENS MAGNA VOCE! Ceasar is known for many famous sayings, such as "veni vidi vici", "aleae iactae sunt", and "troglodytarum noli pascere" :) – Hagen von Eitzen Feb 9 '16 at 21:41
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    The theologian (Saint) Thomas Aquinas is also said to have been able to dictate to up to four scribes at once. In his case, we have the final result of these dictations (the Summa Theologica), and it's....surprisingly dense for something written by someone whose attention was divided four ways. – Kyle Strand Feb 9 '16 at 22:31
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    Writing is considerably slower than speaking so this sort of makes sense, if you can keep track of multiple letters in your head. He's not so much multi tasking as time slicing, switching his attention from one scribe/letter to another as each one finishes writing the previous sentence. – Tim B Feb 10 '16 at 9:46

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