As I side effect of my volunteer work, I run into many single mothers by choice (call them SMBC for now). These are single women who choose to conceive with the intent to raise the child as a single mother without a partner's support. I've seen lots of discussion about whether the children of SMBCs will struggle due to the lack of a partner. This article both discusses briefly some of the notable opponents of SMBCs and does an interesting analysis of the topic. Unfortunately I can't find its sources so I can't trust its statistics.
I would like to know if children raised by SMBCs struggle compared to children raised in a traditional relationship.
To better define "struggle," I'll settle for studies which compare the differences between children of SMBCs and children of nuclear families in relationship to the one or more of the following criteria:
- Successful relationships, number of divorces.
- Socioeconomic level (or perhaps level relative to level of parent?)
- Education level achieved
- Degree of suicidal behavior, depression, or non-genetic mental health issues
- Criminal activity, jail time, or similar anti-social behaviors
- Odds of teen pregnancy, unplanned pregnancy out of wedlock, or other unwanted pregnancy.
In an idealized would I would love studies that corrected for unknown fathers — for instance, longitudinal studies comparing SMBCs using a sperm bank to nuclear families that used a sperm bank, traditional surrogate, or donated embryo, though that is perhaps too much to ask for.