This one seem to be all over trivia lists, but I'm having trouble finding a reference to anything credible. The claim goes something like this:

According to a British law passed in 1845, [attempted] suicide is a very serious crime,death sentence of hanging is the punishment.

Even if that's true, this is not case anymore the suicide act of 1961 decriminalizes suicide. However, did there use to be such a law?

  • Yes. The Indian Penal Code, which was basically 'copy and paste' from the British laws, decriminalised suicide only last decade sometime.
    – apoorv020
    May 7 '11 at 5:53
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    Wouldn't that apply to attempted suicide?
    – Sklivvz
    May 7 '11 at 9:22
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    An anecdote from 1860 claims that a man was hung in London for the crime of suicide. He attempted to kill himself by slitting his throat, but a doctor saved him. The doctor warned that it would be useless to hang him -- the rope would merely cause the sutures to break and he would breathe through the hole in his throat that he'd cut in the suicide attempt. The doctor was ignored, but his words proved true. The aldermen convened to decide how to proceed and they decided to bind his neck below the wound. Thus he was executed. This anecdote was recounted in the book "The Savage God - A History of
    – user8314
    Aug 23 '12 at 22:30
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    One reason I have heard that suicide (not just the attempt) is a crime is because life insurance did not in some cases pay out where the death was the result of a crime. This prevented people from obtaining insurance then turning around and committing suicide to grant their family a windfall. Aug 23 '12 at 22:45
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    @BrianM.Hunt: The issue wasn't just insurance. Among the punishments for certain crimes, suicide included, was forfeiture of one's property to the state. Coroners used to be, in a sense, tax collectors, since findings that wealthy people committed suicide could be a source of government revenue.
    – supercat
    Oct 6 '14 at 16:38

Yes, attempted suicide (and perhaps suicide) was a crime. Several formal and informal sources confirm the sentence of imprisonment for attempted suicide.

See section 1.3.1 and 1.3.2 of this PDF. It confirms the existence of a law(but not the quantum of punishment) and its overruling in 1961.

I found a paper "Suicide as a crime in the UK: legal history, international comparisons and present implications" by J. Neeleman. The paper specifically states the following:

However, R. v. Mann (1914) finally clarified that suicide was a felony and that attempted suicide was a misdemeanour, punishable by imprisonment and hard labour. Penal sanctions against suicide attempters continued to be implemented until as recently as 1955 (6), ...

From this article, which references the above paper:

Historically, suicide was deemed self-murder and those who attempted suicide were subjected to punishment. However, it became recognised that the mental state of suicide attempters needed to be taken into account and that imprisonment should only be considered in the interests of their health and well being (R v Doody 1854). Imprisonment as a punishment for attempted suicides was being used up until the late 1950s. Some concern had been expressed by magistrates over the use of such punishments (R v Trench 1955) and changing social attitudes brought a more compassionate attitude to those who attempted suicide (BMA 1959). Prosecuting those who failed in a suicide attempt did not assist them in their recovery. There was a call by the British Medical Association and the Magistrates’ Association to amend the law, in line with the situation in Scotland, so that attempted suicide should cease to be an offence (BMA 1959). Subsequently, suicide was decriminalised by the enactment of the Suicide Act 1961.

Some informal sources also confirm imprisonment as the sentence for attempted suicide.

From wikipedia (unreferenced):

Suicide may be defined as the act of intentionally ending one's own life. Prior to the Suicide Act 1961 it was a crime to commit suicide and anyone who attempted and failed could be prosecuted and imprisoned, while the families of those who succeeded also could potentially be prosecuted

From answers.com (again unreferenced):

Suicide is not against the law in the UK. It was until the 1961 Suicide Act which legalised it and introduced laws which dealt with assistance of suicide. Prior to 1961 suicide was illegal in the UK and was punishable by prison and fines (but not death!)

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    1.3.1 does mention that it was formerly an offence in England, but doesn't say it was a capital offence. This make some sense as it would be impossible to kill someone that's already dead.
    – user2466
    May 7 '11 at 8:41
  • @boehj:I had overlooked the capital offense part. :(
    – apoorv020
    May 7 '11 at 11:22
  • @user2466 It's not possible to convict a dead person of any crime in the UK. Jan 17 '18 at 11:42

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