September 13, 2014 will mark the 18th anniversary of when 2Pac (born Tupac Amaru Shakur), famous American gangster rapper, was murdered in Las Vegas. There are many conspiracy theories behind his death and although most are not worth debating, there is one argument that might be true and can be objectively verified.
As some people will know, Shakur changed his stage name from "2Pac" to "Makaveli" shortly before his death, having been inspired by work of the famous Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer Niccolò Machiavelli, while he was incarcerated.
A common claim among conspiracy theorists is that, in one of his works, Machiavelli advocated that one should fake one's own death at the age of 25, only to return 18 years later at the age of 43. See for example this blog post about evidence that Shakur faked his own death. Quoting:
When Tupac Shakur was in prison, he had read a lot of books. In one of his interviews, he mentions he had read a book on Machiavelli. Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian war strategist and had written many books on war. He advocates in his book to fake your death to fool your enemies. Niccolo faked his death and came back 18 years later to baffle his enemies that he was still alive. Many believe, Tupac is planning to come back in 2014 to play the same role as Machiavelli.
Niccoló Machiavelli did not fake his own death, so this cannot be entirely accurate, but is it true he advocated it (i.e. faking your death at age 25, then return 18 years later) in at least one of his books?