Yes. David Blaine was recognized by Guiness as setting the world record for static apnea with O₂ in 2008. He held that record for several months.
Blaine set the record on the Oprah Winfrey Show; a video of the last few minutes can be found on the show's site.
One can hold one's breath for much longer if one breathes pure oxygen prior to the apnea. The Guinness record is now over 22 minutes (see link above). Enriched-gas breath holds are not one of the disciplines recognized by AIDA but Blaine's record can be put in perspective against the "normal" air record for "static apnea" of 11m 35s.
Blaine set his O₂-based record some time after failing to break the then-current 8m 58s static apnea record after spending 7 days submerged in New York City. While with a magician it would be foolish to rule out chicanery, his NYC failure and O₂-based record seem consistent with his claim of being (in addition to an illusionist) an endurance athlete with a very high level of discipline.
Apnea and extreme freediving are dangerous and even world-class athletes have died during record attempts.
A paper "Brain Damage in Competitive Freediving" says:
It is not possible to conclude that the observed increase in S100B levels in serum in the present study reflects a serious injury to the brain, although the results raise some concerns considering negative long-term effects.