I came across this link Mysterious Cave Complexes discovered in China that describes some caves in China that supposedly were built by unknown people hundreds of years ago. They are known as the HMG or Huashan Mysterious Grottoes.
They are supposed to have been built a long time ago; for example, The Epoch Times wrote,
The exact time of the cave's construction is currently unknown. However, according to the minerals found inside the cave, the experts estimate that it was constructed at least 1,700 years ago.
The same age quote is given here from Anhui Tourism Administration with a disclaimer that nothing is known about the caves!
All the Huashan Caves, each ranging from 10 meters to 20 meters in height, were manually chiseled more than 1,700 years ago. [...] The history and purposes of Huashan Caves are now untraceable due to the lack of any words in books or on cave walls describing their use.
I couldn't find any trustworthy information abut them with Google, other than sites that are unskeptical by nature and seem willing to perpetuate any myths (i.e. they are religious websites). I am skeptical that these are ancient caves, and they are more likely modern caves, carved for industrial or military reasons, then abandoned.
This is region is popular with tourists, and think the story of these caves is fictional in order to drive business.