While there is a nice webcomic with a similar theme, I'm talking about a hopefully more reliable claim: The Science of Discworld alternates between chapters written by fantasy author Terry Pratchett about the fantasy setting of the Discworld's wizards having (accidentally) created Earth inside a glass bowl and observing its evolution fast forwarded, and chapters written by mathematician Ian Stewart and biologist Jack Cohen trying to elaborate on the scientific part of the respective epoch.

Now while one of the fantasy chapters describes a pre-human (in fact, some large lizards, you know, dinosaurs) civilization that is then extinguished by a meteor (and was made-up for all we know), the following scientific chapter states the following (bold emphasis mine):

In order not to mislead you, we should point out at once that there is no scientific evidence for the existence of any dinosaur civ­ilization, no matter what events are going on in the Roundworld Project. But... whenever a scientist says 'there is no scientific evi­dence for', there are three important questions you should ask -especially if it's a government scientist. These are: 'Is there any evi­dence against?, 'Has anyone looked?', and 'If they did, would they expect to find anything?'

The answers here are 'no,' 'no', and 'no'. Deep Time hides a lot, especially when it's assisted by continental movement, the bulldoz­ing ice sheets, volcanic action and the occasional doomed asteroid. There are few surviving human artefacts more than ten thousand years old, and if we died out today, the only evidence of our civi­lization that might survive for a million years would be a few dead probes in deep space and various bits of debris on the Moon. Sixty-five million? Not a chance. So although a dinosaurian civilization is pure fantasy, or, rather, pure speculation, we can't rule it out absolutely. As for dinosaurs who were sufficiently advanced to use tools, herd other dinosaurs ... well, Deep Time would wash over them without a ripple.

So, is that true? Would the civilization of mankind, once perished for a million years, leave no traces more noticeable than the dinosaurs' bones are to us nowadays?

  • That's because, as Russell would say, the philosophic burden of proof lies upon a person making scientifically unfalsifiable claims. See the Russel's teapot. Or, to make it simplier, there is any evidence against the mostly invisible, impalpable giant dragon residing in my garden that only I can see? Has anyone looked? If you did, would you expect to find anything?
    – Duralumin
    Jul 26, 2013 at 14:39
  • True, maybe I should put focus on the second part, i.e. whether human civilization in its current state would leave enough traces to prove its existence in a million years Jul 26, 2013 at 14:41
  • Are we talking traces on the Earth itself, or would traces off-planet be allowed?
    – rjzii
    Jul 26, 2013 at 14:42
  • @rob Well, any traces that are sufficiently likely to be noticeable by a civilization as "advanced" as we (think we) are - are you suggesting Neil's footsteps would still be there? Jul 26, 2013 at 14:43
  • 3
    @Duralumin I think we can re-frame from the eye-rolling since deep time communications is also a real present day problem. Looking backwards is interesting way of examining the problem.
    – rjzii
    Jul 26, 2013 at 14:48

1 Answer 1


The concept of the "anthropocene" answers your question.


The term was coined "because a growing number of geologists think that human activity is having such an impact on our world that we're inaugurating a new geological interval. It's signature will be detectable many millions of years from now." (Quirks and Quarks)

Proposed marks we'll leave in the geological record:

  • A "building" strata: the materials that makes up our cities will add an identifiable strata to the record in the right parts of Earth (Quirks)
  • Sea level increases will cover red soils with black mud (Quirks)
  • Changes to the isotopic composition of soils reflecting environmental change (Quirks)
  • Plastic (Quirks)
  • Biostratigraphic changes: changes in distributions of animal fossils due to climate-caused migration, extinctions, and physical translocation of species by humans
  • Increased acidity in the oceans will cause reef coral deaths, and will dissolve away lime sediments (this type of effect is quite clear in previous global warming periods) (Quirks)

The impact that humanity has had is geologically quite abrupt, and may be difficult to distinguish from a meteorite impact. (Quirks)

  • 1
    Actually shouldn’t plastic completely decompose in a few millennia? Jul 27, 2013 at 15:27
  • @KonradRudolph Some types will, in sunlight.
    – user5582
    Jul 27, 2013 at 16:00
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    Hm, that last paragraph makes me wonder: Is there any way to prove the Dinosaurs didn't have a civilization at the end but managed to nuke themselves? Not that I consider that seriously, but still... Jul 29, 2013 at 7:50
  • @TobiasKienzler That's a discussion for chat.
    – user5582
    Jul 29, 2013 at 12:08
  • 1
    @tcrosley its been speculated that there have been natural fission reactions in the earth past. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_nuclear_fission_reactor
    – Andy
    Dec 13, 2014 at 18:58

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