I noticed some people posting and reposting bold statements online that Japan is (the only) country that banned Islam. I searched a bit and found out that there are some mosques and Muslim societies in Japan, so it cannot be entirely true. Also, their constitution apparently provides for freedom of religion.

However - can someone confirm or disprove if Muslims indeed cannot get permanent residency and citizenship? Is it true that there is a strong ban on the propagation of Islam in Japan? Are Arabic languages taught at Japanese universities? Is halal slaughter legal in Japan?

I am aware that although Japanese culture is rooted in Shinto and Buddhism, the majority of people declare themselves to be nonreligious. It is conceivable that it is not the best ground for any new religion to grow. However, I am curious to what extent it is a cultural thing and what is actually protected by law.


7 Answers 7



According to the US State Department's evaluation of Japan in its 2012 International Religious Freedom Report:

The [Japanese] constitution provides for freedom of religion, and other laws and policies contributed to the generally free practice of religion.

The government generally respected religious freedom in practice. There was no change in the status of respect for religious freedom by the government during the reporting period.

There were some reports of societal abuse or discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief, or practice.


There are no governmental statistics on the number of Muslims in the country. The Islamic Center estimates there are approximately 100,000 to 110,000 Muslims of whom 10,000 are citizens.

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    I have just found out that Japan court allows police to spy on Muslims. Do you think your answer should be updated with this recent news?
    – Rabbit
    Jan 27, 2014 at 20:38
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    @Rabbit only if they're not allowed to spy on non-muslim citizens. Sep 14, 2014 at 10:24
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    -1 How do we know that the US state department is not lying? It's well known that US state department fabricates reports if they go against US interests. And you didn't address the sub-questions. Dec 2, 2016 at 13:23
  • And the US state department estimate of Muslim citizens in Japan seems surprisingly low. Dec 2, 2016 at 13:23
  • Japanese police routinely “spy on” all foreigners. But maybe “spy” isn’t the right word because it’s (mostly) open and public. When you move into a neighborhood, the local cops will knock on your door, ask you who you are, what you do, why you’re there. They don’t do this to Japanese people. AFAIK, Muslims are not treated any different from other gaijin (foreigners). I guess “spying” is by definition done without the knowledge of the person observed, so I can’t claim to know whether or not I’ve been spied upon.
    – bubba
    Mar 13 at 12:05

The statements referred to include:

g) Japan is the only country in the world having negligible number of embassies of Islamic countries.

According to Wikipedia, Japan has embassies in many Muslim countries, including Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and many more.
I'm not sure what is meant by "Islamic" countries, but Iran and Saudi Arabia surely qualify.

I didn't find such clear reference to contradict other claims, but this example clearly shows that the author didn't bother to check his claims.

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    Now I see that in Japan there are also many embassies. Well, overall I see that the statements in question are the list of lies, but what worries me is that I saw so many reposts of this in English, Polish and Russian which means that somebody bothered to translate this without checking the credibility.
    – Rabbit
    May 21, 2013 at 13:13
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    @ugoren: Some help on what is meant by "Islamic coutries" from our sister site, Travel Stack Exchange: Which countries are “Muslim countries”? May 25, 2013 at 5:56
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    @Rabbit establishing embassies is usually a reciprocal deal, so if you agree to host an embassy of X, X agrees to host one for your country as well. Of course you might not take them up on that offer (maybe you lack the financial resources, but that'd not apply to Japan, being one of the richer nations in the world).
    – jwenting
    May 27, 2013 at 11:12

It's clearly allowed. In fact, here's a mosque in Tokyo:

Tokio Camii



It's possible Japan may discriminate against Muslims, but not to the extent claimed in the posts quoted in the question

Halal food is available in Japan. This doesn't mean that it gets slaughtered there, though. The 5th edition of the Lonely Planet Guidebook for Japanese, page 173, says:

Halal and kosher food might be hard to come by, even in the big smoke [Australian English slang for large cities], but you might want to try your luck with these phrases

There are also groups such as Halal Japan, which indicate which foods you can or can't eat in Japan.

Muslims, or at least Turkey, a 97% Muslim country, have been able to influence Japan. Soaplands (link is work safe, but the concept being described isn't) used to be called "toruko-buro" (literally "Turkish bath"). In 1984, a Turkish scholar named Nusret Sancaklı lead a campaign to stop using that name, and henceforth they were called soaplands. A native speaker of Japanese states that using "toruko-buro" as a euphemism has stopped, and nowadays is only used for genuine Turkish baths:

Japanese people over 40-50 years [of age] including me might think the special places where they provide prostitution from the word [toruko-buro]

However, the word was banned to use, because it might be offensive to [Turkish] people. And the name has changed to [soapland] for more than 30 years.

So I think younger generations might not think too much of the word, [toruko-buro].


No, Islam is not banned in Japan. The wikipedia entry about Islam in Japan says:

The history of Islam in Japan is relatively brief in relation to the religion's longstanding presence in other nearby countries. Islam is one of the smallest minority faiths in Japan, having more adherents in the country than the Bahá'í faith, but fewer than Christianity. Japan's Muslim population is around 70,000 which includes less than 10,000 of them as Japanese and the rest being foreigners (Majority of them are nationals from Southeast Asian countries).

The constitution of Japan states in its article 20:

Freedom of religion is guaranteed to all. No religious organization shall receive any privileges from the State, nor exercise any political authority.

Reference: Ministry of Justice, Japan.

According to Japan Times, there are more than 100,000 Muslims and 60 mosques in Japan.

An Egyptian legal scholar based in Ibaraki, Osaka Prefecture, says he is working to increase understanding between the Japanese people and the more than 100,000 Muslims who live among them.

Islam has gradually put down roots in Japan. There are now around 60 mosques, many of them established in former private homes.

Reference: Japan Times

And there are no restriction on preaching Islam in Japan. Recently, Dr. Zakir Naik, a Muslim preacher, held a big conference where some people converted to Islam. One of the conferences (the topic was "What is Islam") were held in Kyushu University which is owned by the Japanese government. The authorities gave him permission to hold the conference and didn't interrupt the event for violating any laws.

So, Islam is not banned in Japan, Promotion of Islam is not banned in Japan, switching into Islam is not banned in Japan and the Japanese government is in fact, quite friendly to Islam (compared to western countries).

Edit: The OP asked some sub questions that I didn't address. I will try to address them all in this edit.

Can someone confirm or disprove if Muslims indeed cannot get permanent residency and citizenship?

Yes, Muslims can get Japanese citizenship. Japan has citizens who came from predominantly Muslim countries. And Japan doesn't list the religion of its citizens.

According to 2008 Japanese government figures, 19.9% of registered Pakistanis lived in Saitama, 17.8% in Tokyo, 12.3% in Kanagawa, 10.4% in Aichi, 8.98% in Chiba, 7.59% in Gunma, 6.02% in Ibaraki, 4.44% in Tochigi, 4.21% in Toyama, 3.27% in Shizuoka, and the remaining 4.98% in other prefectures of Japan.[13] Only an estimated 200 Pakistanis hold Japanese citizenship.

Reference: Wikipedia

Is it true that there is a strong ban on the propagation of Islam in Japan?


Many Japanese wives of Pakistani migrants have converted to Islam, and in fact form the largest group of native Japanese converts to Islam.

Reference: Wikipedia

Are Arabic languages taught at Japanese universities?

Yes. Andrew Grimm's answer has more on this.

Is halal slaughter legal in Japan?

Yes. In fact, local authorities of a Japanese town named Taito Ward subsidies halal food.

In October 2015, Taito Ward began to provide up to ¥100,000 in subsidies to local businesses who wished to obtain halal certification. According to Takuji Kawai, director of the ward’s Tourism Section, applications were filed so quickly that the ward had reached its quota in just two months, and were forced to double it.

What started out as three halal-certified restaurants and shops in Taito Ward, including Naritaya, became 19 in just a few months. In December, the ward also printed 10,000 copies of a Ueno/Asakusa map for Muslim tourists that show mosques, halal-certified restaurants, and Muslim-friendly hotels and souvenir shops in the area. The map went out of stock so fast that an additional 10,000 copies have already been ordered.

Reference: Japan Times

  • -How is Dr. Zakir Naik preaching in Islam in Japan relate as evidence for Islam not being banned in Japan. In the list present here-theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2015/jul/27/…, you can see that Christianity is being secretly or openly preached, however any form of religion itself is banned in countries which are communist and where Islamic code is strictly enforced! Nov 23, 2016 at 13:16
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    @pericles316 To show that preaching, endorsing and switching into Islam is not banned in Japan. He didn't do this secretly. He announced it publicly (first link) and got permission from the authorities to do it in a public conference (second link) where thousands of people came. Nov 23, 2016 at 14:36
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    -However, the same is followed in other countries where religion is banned and arrests for breaking the law follows. So how is that different in Japan? You no where explicitly state or show that Dr. Zakir Naik preaching, endorsing and making people switch to Islam did not lead to his arrest or jail time for breaking the law if such a ban exists in Japan! Nov 23, 2016 at 14:50
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    @pericles316 Thanks for the suggestion. I have updated the answer. Nov 24, 2016 at 3:37

Islam is not forbidden in Japan. here is a link to a video about Japanese pilgrims to Mecca:


A local Japanese Muslim website:


There were some contacts between Muslims (Islam not being a race as there has been a sizeable Muslim community in China since the 8th century AD) and the Japanese in the Middle Ages. But the kernel of the modern Muslim community in Japan dates back to the beginning of the 20th century when Muslims of central Asia were banned from practicing their religion according to Soviet measures and some landed in Japan.



  • 2
    Welcome to Skeptics! Please provide some references to support your claims. It isn't clear whether you are saying Yes or No.
    – Oddthinking
    Jun 12, 2013 at 16:43
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    Your references support, by example, that there are Muslims in Japan, but not the rest of your claims. You say there has been a sizable Muslim community in China since the 8th Century. How do you know? You say the modern Muslim community dates to the beginning of the 20th Century. How do you know? You say the Soviets banned Islam in Central Asia. How do you know? You say some moved to Japan. How do you know?
    – Oddthinking
    Jun 13, 2013 at 1:43
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    Have provided references :)
    – Averroes
    Jun 13, 2013 at 7:44

Are Arabic languages taught at Japanese universities?

Yes. You can study Arabic at the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.

Here is part of their English-language page about Arabic Studies:

Arabic is an official language of the United Nations and is spoken in many countries around the world. It also plays a significant role in Islam as the language of the Koran. Unfortunately, not many people in Japan understand the language, thus making it very difficult to directly hear the voice of the Arab world.

There is also a Japanese-language page related to Arabic here (not equivalent to the English-language page).

From the first link in the question:

In the University of Japan Arabic or any Islamic language is not taught.

Apart from Arabic, I'm not aware of there being such a thing as an "Islamic language", and the consensus on the Islam Stack Exchange is that there's no such thing as an Islamic language other than Arabic. However, if they think languages spoken in predominantly Muslim countries are "Islamic languages", then Indonesian would be one, and it is taught at the same university as mentioned above.

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    I would not call Indonesian an "Islamic" language though, it has nothing to do with Islam or Arabic (if anything it has Dutch influences).
    – Sklivvz
    Jan 20, 2015 at 14:46
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    If this claim is to be used as evidence of discrimination, shouldn't we also ask how many people learn Japanese in countries where Arabic is the native language?
    – jamesqf
    Jan 20, 2015 at 19:09
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    @RobertColumbia In fact, Polish is not a "Christian" language at all. Next thing I'll read here is the statement that spaghetti is a Catholic dish? :-)
    – Sklivvz
    Nov 5, 2016 at 18:06
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    @Sklivvz The claim referred to in the question talked about "any Islamic language", and I addressed that claim as best I could, and I noted that there isn't really such a thing as Islamic languages other than possibly Arabic. Should I be getting criticised because of the stupidity of the claim being examined?
    – Golden Cuy
    Nov 5, 2016 at 23:36
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    @Sklivvz I haven't asserted anything.
    – Golden Cuy
    Nov 7, 2016 at 2:10

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