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I've heard the claim as urban legend many times. Allegedly in 1970s KGB has sponsored various Western "anti-war" movements, especially the ones that could hinder Western nuclear tests. Fact is Greenpeace was one of such a movements, created in response to nuclear testing in Alaska, which allegedly won them help of KGB. Quite vague claims. But recently I've seen political discussion where more concrete claims where made: that the original Rainbow Warrior, after it has been bought by Greenpeace, it has been refurbished in a shipyard in Tallinn at KGB's expense. Allegedly the information comes from the Mitrokhin Archive.

Is there any truth to any of these claims?

  • "Sponsered" seems like a funny word to use here---I'm envisioning a gaudy KGB logo on the bow of the ship---should we take this to mean that the KGB gave substantial amounts of money to Greenpeace with the knowledge of the people running the organization? Is there a better way to say that? – dmckee Mar 1 '13 at 16:10
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    @dmckee: I believe "sponsored" to be the correct term to use here. Compare for example with usage as in "State-sponsored terrorism". – vartec Mar 1 '13 at 16:13
  • @dmckee - "sponsor: a person or an organization that pays for or plans and carries out a project or activity". (M.-W.) . Sponsorship needs not be for advertising purposes, though it frequently is. – user5341 Mar 1 '13 at 16:29
  • I'm having trouble locating a notable claim for the Tallinn refit. – DJClayworth Mar 2 '13 at 18:32
  • @DJClayworth: claims by right wing supporters in various forums in Poland. I wouldn't consider it notable, if it wasn't for multiple times it was mentioned. – vartec Mar 3 '13 at 21:58
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It's impossible to prove that no money from the KGB, or any other source, ever reached Greenpeace (and if it did it might have been without the knowledge of Greenpeace). However we can answer the specific question about the Rainbow Warrior's conversion

Rainbow Warrior (formerly 'Sir William Hardy) was acquired by Greenpeace in 1977 and refitted in London. (See also here and here)

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    is www.socialphy.com (or a book citing an unknown source) considered reliable evidence? – user5341 Mar 1 '13 at 2:23
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    Not the most reliable source I've ever seen, but certainly more reliable than the original claim. – DJClayworth Mar 1 '13 at 3:17
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    "More reliable than the original [claimant]" is a low bar to be setting. – Andrew Grimm Mar 1 '13 at 11:34
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    True, original claim isn't reliable. OTOH, what I'd considered really reliable concerning the ship, would be some kind of official ship registry, which would mention where it was build and where it was refitted. – vartec Mar 1 '13 at 11:37
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    How is Greenpeace's own statements in any way reliable as evidence when they have every interest to lie about this? They didn't post any fincncial documents showing the exact budget and how repairs were paid for. – user5341 Mar 1 '13 at 16:26
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  1. USSR state recording company Melodia helped Greenpeace raise money via co-sponsoring a jointly release album (U2 et al).

    http://www.musicstack.com/item/206504892 / http://music70-80.narod.ru/katalog/sbor/greenpeace.htm

    While there's no explicit mention of KGB, given the timeline, and the way USSR worked, it was 100% impossible that KGB wasn't in full explicit approval.

    The album was heavily promoted (I remember that myself), and Soviet press was quoted in 1989: “Everyone who buys the album can consider himself a member of Greenpeace, which means it will soon have millions of new members here in the Soviet Union.”

    Quoting from Russian Wiki (all quotes from that are sourced from Greenpeace itself - " История Гринпис (рус.). Greanpease.org. Архивировано из первоисточника 3 февраля 2012. Проверено 13 мая 2011):

    В СССР Гринпис появился в 1989 году благодаря средствам от продажи альбома «Гринпис. Прорыв» (Greenpeace Breakthrough). В его записи участвовали U2, Eurythmics, R.E.M., INXS, Шаде, Брайан Ферри и другие рок-звезды.[8]

    Альбом во всём мире вышел тиражом около 10 миллионов экземпляров, очередь за пластинкой в Москве вошла в книгу рекордов Гиннесса. В течение первых часов с момента выхода пластинки было продано полмиллиона экземпляров. К 15 мая 1989 года общее количество проданных альбомов достигло миллиона.

  2. Again from Russian Wiki (same source):

    В июле 1989 года на пресс-конференции на борту корабля Гринпис «Воин радуги» Алексей Яблоков (в то время председатель комитета по охране окружающей среды СССР), официально объявил отделение Гринпис в СССР «первой независимой организацией в Советском Союзе»

    In July 1989, during press conference on board "Rainbow Warrior" shop, Alexej Yablokov (President of USSR State Committee for Preservation of the Environment) declared Greenpeace the "first independent organization in USSR".

    Again, given that it was 1989, this was fully State approved and like any interface with the foreigners, fully curated by KGB.

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    You also write "given that it was 1989, this was ... fully curated by KGB". 1989 was just one year before the collapse of the Soviet Union and the period of Glasnost and Perestroika. – DJClayworth Mar 1 '13 at 16:44
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    And the only source for the first two is your personal opinion. – DJClayworth Mar 1 '13 at 17:07
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    "given the timeline, and the way USSR worked, it was 100% impossible that KGB wasn't in full explicit approval" I think this is the line that needs supporting the most. It may be true, but it isn't enough to say there was a conspiracy. You need some evidence. – Oddthinking Mar 1 '13 at 20:31
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    Seems to have weak sources... as the others have said. – Sklivvz Mar 2 '13 at 14:19
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    @DJClayworth See Oddthinking's comment here where he noted we regard Armstrong as more reliable when saying he took drugs than when he said he didn't. – Andrew Grimm Mar 4 '13 at 6:26

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