On Season 1, Episode 2 of The Big Bang Theory, characters Sheldon and Leonard are sneaking around in Penny's room. In order not to wake her, Sheldon warns Leonard to be careful to make pitched noises. He states:

Evolution has made women sensitive to high pitched noises while they sleep, so that they'll be roused by a crying baby. If you want to avoid waking her, speak in a lower register.

Is there any scientific research behind this claim?

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    Even though women can hear better at higher frequencies (see Ana's answer) a Baby's cry is usually in the range of 400-600 Hz, which isn't acutally that high a frequency. – Oliver_C Oct 18 '12 at 11:00

Yes, women are more sensitive to high-pitched sounds than men.

Several studies (summarized here) have found that women are better than men when it comes to hearing acuity above 1 or 2 kHz:

Corso (1959) was among the first to report that females have superior auditory acuity (i.e. lower thresholds) compared with same-age males, particularly for test frequencies above 2 kHz. The same general finding – adult females having more sensitive hearing at high frequencies, compared with same-age males – has been replicated in other studies of adults (e.g. Chung, Mason, Gannon, and Willson, 1983; Royster, Royster, and Thomas, 1980), including studies with Caucasian, African-American, and Asian adults (Dreisbach and colleagues, 2007; Shahnaz, 2008).

At the same time, the decline in hearing acuity differs between men and women, with men having an earlier onset (already detectable by 30 years of age). The portion of this paper that's behind a paywall (and is not copy-paste-able) says that the biggest difference in losing hearing sensitivity between men and women is in the range between 3 and 4 kHz. In other words, as they age, women lose the ability to distinguish sounds of different frequencies more slowly than men, and this gender difference in speed of decline is the greatest for high frequencies.

In this first paper I linked, it is mentioned that women have lower thresholds in terms of sound intensity as well, i.e. they will be able to hear softer sounds than men. The second paper mentions that it might also be true that men are more sensitive to low-pitched sounds than women. In conclusion, speaking in a lower register actually might help not wake her up, but speaking more softly is also preferable :) Whether this has anything to do with crying babies is a different question.

  • Well, my impression was that the level of hearing decline with age is strongly dependent on environmental factors. Is it possible that the gender difference is due to more men on average being exposed to high-noise environments or audio? – sumelic Aug 15 '15 at 5:06

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