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This petition claims that, having begun by building internment camps for migrants, the Greek government has gone on to "round up":

  • Drug users
  • Sex workers
  • Transgender people

... and is imprisoning them "simply for existing".

There are links in the petition text to corroborating web sites, such as Second Council House of Virgo. I don't know how reliable a source this is.

I also found a rebuttal, but again I don't know how reliable it is.

Searching for "Greece internment camps" corroborates the claim about internment camps for immigrants, with articles in mainstream newspapers. However, I did not find anything about the other categories of "undesirable".

Searching for "Greece operation Zeus" brings results from dozens of activism web sites, but none from mainstream news sources.

How much truth is in these claims?

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The expression "simply for existing" seems to be a strawman. I suspect the policy-makers would explain that it is for committing acts that are against the law, not for existing. –  Oddthinking Jul 31 '13 at 1:39
    
It says a lot that more of these non-greeks weren't expelled from the country, even after a big operation. Looking forward to more motivated leaders of European countries such as Greece, moving into seats of power once again. –  user16138 Nov 10 '13 at 1:34
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3 Answers 3

up vote 22 down vote accepted

Unfortunately, there is a lot of truth to the claim. I wouldn't call it entirely accurate, but I wouldn't call it false either.

Xenios Zeus

"Xenios Zeus" is a large scale police operation, targeting illegal immigrants in Attica. It started on August 4, 2012, is ongoing, and has not extended to the rest of Greece. The Ministry of Public Order & Citizen Protection published regular reports for the operation until February 22, 2013 when they abruptly stopped (without - as far as I know - any explanation). Up until that point the operation's statistics where:

The Police operation was officially launched in August 2012 and the Ministry of Public Order stopped publishing data in February. The report states that of the 84,792 people investigated as part of the Police operation, 4,811 (about 6%) were found to be in Greece illegally and only 59 were arrested.

Source: Human Rights Watch condemns Greek Police and ‘Xenios Zeus’, Το Βήμα, June 12, 2013. The Greek version of the article goes into a bit more detail.

According to a different source, the numbers are much higher:

The Greek police force says its crackdown on illegal immigration, which has led to almost 6,700 people being detained and just over 1,500 arrested since last Saturday, is already producing results.

Authorities said the number of migrants entering Greece via the country’s Evros border with Turkey has fallen dramatically. According to figures released by the police, 447 undocumented migrants were caught crossing into Greece illegally on August 2, before the Xenios Zeus operation began, but on Wednesday and Thursday this week that figure had fallen to 12 and 15 respectively.

Source: Police claim Xenios Zeus operation a success, Καθημερινή, Jul 3, 2013.

Both sources are major - and generally reliable - newspapers. The discrepancy in the numbers is not surprising, the first source quotes official data up until February 2013, the second reports estimates for the whole operation. The numbers skyrocketing after a certain point is not surprising either, the operation intensified significantly once the first detention centers for illegal immigrants were completed.

Detention centers for illegal immigrants

The first - and larger one - opened in Amygdaleza in late April, 2012. There are at least four more, in Corinth, Evros, Rodopi and Lesvos. The Amygdaleza camp was build specifically to host illegal immigrants, the others are probably retrofitted military or police buildings (can't find reliable sources). The original plan for 30 camps in total is currently on hold, due to protests of the local populations and lack of funds.

According to non official sources, Amygdaleza currently hosts 2.300 illegal immigrants. Since the Ministry of Public Order & Citizen Protection stopped publishing data, it's not possible to verify that number. Reports suggest conditions in the camp rapidly deteriorated after April, 2013, when several services were cut due to lack of funds. Surprisingly, a private security firm was hired recently to guard the camp.

Sources:

Sex workers

Prostitution is legal in Greece, and sex workers are required to get tested for STDs once a month. The tests are free and available in most hospitals.

Now, the incident the claim refers to is most likely the April 2012 arrest of 11 female sex workers. All of them were operating illegally and failed to produce proof they had been recently tested for STDs. Consequently, they were tested and - according to reports - found to be HIV positive. In an unprecedented move of dubious legality, their names, their parents names and their photographs were released to the public. A few days later, on May 5, the Ministry of Health released a report, claiming a total of 85 HIV positive sex workers have been found in 1180 random tests since September 2011. The legal framework for these checks has not been clarified (or challenged).

However, the issue was and remains highly controversial. There are conflicting reports that suggest none or only some of the women were HIV positive, and that the arrests and the release of the photos were a publicity stunt, designed to boost the ruling party's popularity for the upcoming May 2012 election. Andreas Loverdos, then Minister of Public Health, had promised a new legal framework that would have allowed a lot more flexibility for random searches to the police, and would legalize forced HIV tests during detention. Interestingly and although the government changed, Mr. Loverdos' framework forms the basis of a law currently in consideration. The draft of the proposal for this new law is not currently available, it will probably be available next Monday.

Sources:

Drug users & operation Thetis

Operation "Thetis" was a March 6, 2013 police operation that targeted drug users in Attica, and more specifically Athens' historic city center. According to news reports, 132 drug users were detained and moved to Amygdaleza, where they were cataloged (!?) and released (!?). The operation was met with contempt and ridicule in local media, and its legality and usefulness have been strongly disputed by KETHEA.

The day after the operation, an official statement verified it. According to the statement the operation was in collaboration with medical professionals from the Ministry of Health, and the detainees were collected from various places in Athens' center and were in need of medical attention.

Sources:

Transgender people

The Transgender Association claims that transgender people were regularly harassed and detained without cause in Thessaloniki, from 30 May 2013 and onwards. The report on GRReporter translates parts of the association's complaint and matches similar Greek language reports in local media:

The police in Thessaloniki has been carrying out a series of ungrounded arrests of transgender persons as stated by the Greek Transgender Support Association. "According to written complaints filed by our members who live in Thessaloniki, it is clear that from 30 May 2013 onwards, the police have been carrying out purges and arrests of transgender citizens on a daily basis. The same complaints state that those arrested are being taken to the police headquarters in Thessaloniki in Dimokratia Square, where the victims are waiting for at least three or four hours to be identified under the pretext that the authorities should establish whether the particular person was not a prostitute," reads an address of the non-governmental organization (NGO).

The Association stresses that the police behaviour during the arrests was offensive, humiliating and that it was intended to undermine the dignity of transgender persons. In three of the complaints, the victims note that traffic policemen had stopped transgender women while they were driving their cars without any proof or suspicion of any fault or violation of the law. Later, they were taken to the police station in order for their identity to be verified.

The testimonies of a large number of victims suggest that before being released from custody, the policemen threatened transgender women, warning them that if they did not "return to normal", legal proceedings against them would be initiated for indecent behaviour in public places.

The Greek Transgender Support Association connects the campaign against transgender persons with the recent actions of some municipal representatives and the church against the forthcoming gay festival Thessaloniki Pride, which will take place on 14 and 15 June this year.

One notable event was the detainment without cause of Ms. Electra-Leda Koutra, a lawyer visiting transgender clients held in a police station. The Thessaloniki Bar Association corroborates Ms. Koutra's story.

A response to the complaints by Nikos Dendias, Minister of Public Order & Citizen Protection, acknowledges 720 searches that lead to 271 detainments, from June 1 to June 9. It also mentions that the officers responsible for Ms. Koutra's detainment are under investigation.

Sources:

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At present, the Greek government is preparing detention centers for illegal migrants.

Greece will open the first of up to 30 camps for illegal immigrants within weeks, in what some describe as a "desperate bid" to contain the social chaos prompted by the economic crisis.

The current Greek government has not threatened to arrest other groups. Greek far right parties do make those kinds of threats, and the economic crisis has boosted these groups' popularity. But those parties are still out of power.

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Can you reference the second part you say? –  Wertilq Jul 3 '13 at 7:58
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you can't ever reference the absence of something... –  jwenting Jul 3 '13 at 8:32
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@jwenting Absence? He could reference 1)threats, 2)rising popularity, and 3)still out of power/share of seats/size of constituency (by votes, at least). I'm not saying he needs to, but he could ... (I assume those are the points Wertilq wanted referenced.) (I guess you're looking at the lack-of-gov-threats part) –  hunter2 Jul 3 '13 at 11:14
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"Greek far right parties do make those kinds of threats, and the economic crisis has boosted these groups' popularity. But those parties are still out of power." that part is what I wanted referenced. –  Wertilq Jul 3 '13 at 20:40
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@Wertilq Golden Dawn, a once obscure nationalistic / right-wing extremist party, entered parliament for the first time in May 2012 (21 seats, 7.0% of overall vote) and secured 18 seats (6.9% of overall vote) in the repeat election in June 2012. In the 2009 election (pro crisis) their percentage was 0.29%. –  Yannis Jul 3 '13 at 21:12
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Reuters World Wide Press reports (Hardly what I would call skeptical unless you bury your head in the sand)

Migrants in Greece detained based on appearance: HRW SOURCE:

Reuters) - Greek police have often detained people based on their physical appearance during a crackdown on illegal immigration and only a fraction of them were found to be in the country unlawfully, Human Rights Watch said on Wednesday.

Migrants who are stopped and searched are insulted, sometimes physically abused and often detained for hours until their identity is verified, the group said in a report.

About 130,000 mostly African and Asian migrants try to enter Europe through Greece's porous borders each year but migrants face growing hostility on the streets as the country endures a sixth year of deep recession and record unemployment.

Police have arrested thousands of suspected illegal immigrants since last August when Prime Minister Antonis Samaras's government launched "Xenios Zeus", an operation named after the ancient Greek god of guests and travelers.

"Operation Xenios Zeus is anything but hospitable to migrants and asylum seekers who are regularly stopped, searched, and detained just because of the way they look," said Eva Cosse, Greece specialist at Human Rights Watch.

Cosse said police should base their operations "on evidence and intelligence, not stereotypes" and said the lack of training in immigration and asylum issues left room for abuse.

As many as 85,000 foreigners were taken to police stations to verify their immigration status in the first seven months of the operation but no more than 6 percent were found to be in Greece illegally, the group's report said.

Police had no immediate comment on the report.

Many of those searched said they believed they were stopped because of the way they looked, the report said, citing interviews with 44 people who had been stopped at least once since the launch of the sweep.

Thirty-five of those had a right to be in Greece because they were asylum seekers, legal foreign residents, or Greeks of foreign origin.

The report said a 19-year-old Guinean asylum seeker who gave his name as Tupac told Human Rights Watch he and other black and Asian passengers were forced off a bus in Athens in February.

"Police officers came to the door and said 'All blacks out, all blacks out'," he was quoted by the report as saying.

The United Nations says racially motivated attacks have risen to alarming levels in Greece, sometimes by attackers wearing the insignia of the far-right Golden Dawn party, and that authorities are doing little to tackle the problem.

Golden Dawn was catapulted from obscurity on a fiercely anti-immigrant agenda to win 18 seats in parliament in elections last June.

In November, the U.S. embassy in Greece warned of a rise in attacks against people who are considered foreigners "because of their complexion, are perceived to be foreign migrants".

(Reporting by Karolina Tagaris; Editing by Alison Williams)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/06/12/us-greece-migrants-police-idUSBRE95B0PK20130612

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This article talks about racial profiling ("based on appearance"): not about "Internment camps", nor about "Drug users, Sex workers, and Transgender people". The OP had already found corroboration for the claim that there are "internment camps for immigrants" –  ChrisW Sep 23 '13 at 9:09
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