In 2011, nearly a quarter (24.3%) of participating voters in Estonia cast their ballot by remote electronic voting (that is, on their computer/phone/tablet via the Internet).
Several larger countries, including the United Kingdom (63M), France (65M), and the United States (312M) have experimented with the idea of Internet voting, but most applications are experimental or limited in scope.
According to the Caltech/MIT voting technology project, Estonia’s success is in part due to:
Widespread Internet penetration
A legal structure that addresses Internet voting issues
An identification system that allows for digital authentication of the voter
A political culture supportive of Internet voting
But, referring to United States problems, Ron Rivest, a computer scientist and cryptography expert at MIT, claimed:
We don't have the technology yet to do this in a secure way, and we may not for a decade or more.
What are the facts?