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To reduce tragedy, loss-of-life and, of course, disaster-relief costs, the idea of somehow stopping a hurricane has been around for some time now.

One of many theories is that a nuke in the coldest spot within a hurricane would heat enough air to stop the cycle that feeds a hurricane with energy. Literally nuking the hurricane into submission, and stopping it.

Is it really possible?

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a hurricane is fed by (rising) hot air in the first place see the wiki on that, what you can do with a nuke is disrupt the rotation but that won't last –  ratchet freak Nov 14 '12 at 20:06
    
@ratchetfreak - Isn't a hurricane a hot-cold air weather-system? (From that wiki) Since two bodies can't occupy the same space, and that includes air particles, colder air has to be coming down for the hot air to be going up. –  TheLima Nov 14 '12 at 20:12
    
that happens on the rim of the hurricane, that's kinda hard to heat up all at once –  ratchet freak Nov 14 '12 at 20:13
    
Please read the Skeptics New User post on Meta Specifically the Need for Notability section. Questions are expected to be challenging notable claims. This is a request for original research which is not on topic for Skeptics. –  Chad Nov 14 '12 at 21:42
    
You should add a reference, because this is a legit hypothesis that experts have put forward. –  Tacroy Nov 15 '12 at 0:19

1 Answer 1

up vote 8 down vote accepted

Chris Landsea, Science and Operations Officer at NOAA’s National Hurricane Center, writes:

During each hurricane season, there always appear suggestions that one should simply use nuclear weapons to try and destroy the storms.

Apart from the fact that this might not even alter the storm, this approach neglects the problem that the released radioactive fallout would fairly quickly move with the tradewinds to affect land areas and cause devastating environmental problems.

Needless to say, this is not a good idea.

[...]

The main difficulty with using explosives to modify hurricanes is the amount of energy required.

  • A fully developed hurricane can release heat energy at a rate of 5 to 20x1013 watts and converts less than 10% of the heat into the mechanical energy of the wind.

  • The heat release is equivalent to a 10-megaton nuclear bomb exploding every 20 minutes.

  • According to the 1993 World Almanac, the entire human race used energy at a rate of 1013 watts in 1990, a rate less than 20% of the power of a hurricane.


In addition, an explosive, even a nuclear explosive, produces a shock wave, or pulse of high pressure, that propagates away from the site of the explosion somewhat faster than the speed of sound. Such an event doesn't raise the barometric pressure after the shock has passed because barometric pressure in the atmosphere reflects the weight of the air above the ground.

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